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Platanthera bifolia (L.) L.C.M.Richard

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» lesser butterfly orchid

Morphology / Appearance

Platanthera bifolia (L.) L.C.M.Richard

Character recognition:

Plant: is growing up to 40 cm in height;
Root: rhizomatous;
Stem: a slim flower spike;
Leaves: basal leaves 2, almost opposite, stalked; blade spatulate–elliptic, with entire margin, glabrous. 1–3 small linear upper leaves alternate on upper stem;
Flowers: perianth irregular (zygomorphic), white; tepals 6, in 2 whorls, upper outside tepal helmet-like, one inner tepal elaborated into labellum. Labellum under perianth, spurred, approx. 12–14 mm long, almost linear, narrow, lime green. Spur 25–40 mm long, thin, with tapered tip;
Fruits: capsule; seeds tiny, like dust.

Confusion: [...]

Platanthera bifolia
© 2012. Platanthera bifolia (L.) L.C.M.Richard

Copyright photo © C. Simion ::: 2012 - IASI ::: Platanthera bifolia (L.) L.C.M.Richard

Ecology / Plant spreading

Platanthera bifolia (L.) L.C.M.Richard

Bloom time: Jun , Jul
Flower color: white
Plant type: perennial
Light: Sun, Part Shade
Propagation Material: Seeds

P. bifolia is found in grasslands, woodlands (especially beech woods), in hill pastures up to 400 m, on heaths and moorland, and in tussocky marshy ground.

Classification

Platanthera bifolia (L.) L.C.M.Richard

Cultivation / Plant breeding

Platanthera bifolia (L.) L.C.M.Richard

Easily grown in a sunny position in a moist loam enriched with leaf mould. Flourishes in almost any soil and situation. Prefers a moderately shady and well-drained though damp position [ 1 ].

Propagation by dividing the rootball. From seed - sow indoors before last frost.

 

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Articles about Platanthera bifolia (L.) L.C.M.Richard
Culinary / Use food. Use Medicinal / Herbal medicine / Use Ornamental