Olea europaea L.


» olive tree

Morphology / Appearance

Olea europaea L.

Character recognition:

Plant: is an evergreen tree or shrub; up to 12 m in height;
Root: rhizomatous;
Stem: a gnarled branching pattern;
Leaves: oblong, silver green leaves, growing opposite one another;
Flowers: hermaphrodite; feathery flowers, with ten-cleft calyx and corolla, two stamens and bifid stigma, are borne generally on the previous year's wood, in racemes springing from the axils of the leaves;
Fruits: is a small drupe 1–2.5 cm long.

Confusion: [...]

Olea europaea
© 2012. Olea europaea L.

Copyright photo © C. Simion ::: 2012 - IASI ::: Olea europaea L.

Ecology / Plant spreading

Olea europaea L.

Bloom time: Aug , Sep
Flower color: white
Plant type: perennial
Light: Sun
Propagation Material: Seeds

Olive prefers sub-tropical and temperate regions of the world. It is native to northern Iran, coastal areas of southeastern Europe, western Asia and northern Africa.

Olive trees, Olea europaea, show a marked preference for calcareous soils, flourishing best on limestone slopes and crags, and coastal climate conditions.


Olea europaea L.

Cultivation / Plant breeding

Olea europaea L.

They grow in any light soil, even on clay if well drained, but in rich soils they are predisposed to disease and produce poorer oil than in poorer soil. Olives like hot weather, and temperatures below −10 °C (14 °F) may injure even a mature tree. They tolerate drought well, thanks to their sturdy and extensive root system. Olive trees can live for several centuries, and can remain productive for as long if they are pruned correctly and regularly.

Olives are propagated by various methods. The preferred ways are cuttings and layers.


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Articles about Olea europaea L.
Culinary / Use food. Use Medicinal / Herbal medicine / Use Ornamental