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Morus nigra L.

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» black mulberry

Morphology / Appearance

Morus nigra L.

Character recognition:

Plant: is a deciduous tree growing to 12 m in height;
Root: rhizomatous;
Stem: numerous branches;
Leaves: leaves rough on upper surfaces and pubescent underneath, 7-12.5 cm long, often producing leaves of several different shapes, with 1 or more lobes, multilobed leaves often appearing on the same branches as lobeless ones; abnormally shaped leaves usually produced from stem shoots or sucker growths, and frequently by very vigorous young branches;
Flowers: flowers held on short, green, pendulous, nondescript catkins that appear in the axils of the current season’s growth and on spurs on older wood. The flowers appear in 1.3 cm scaly clusters;
Fruits: syncarp dark purple, almost black, when ripe, 2–3 cm long, a compound cluster of several small drupes.

Confusion: [...]

Morus nigra
© 2012. Morus nigra L.

Copyright photo © C. Simion ::: 2012 - IASI ::: Morus nigra L.

Ecology / Plant spreading

Morus nigra L.

Bloom time: Jun , Jul
Flower color: green
Plant type: perennial
Light: Sun
Propagation Material: Seeds

It is native to southwestern Asia. Is now naturalized in parts of Europe that have a mild climate.

Classification

Morus nigra L.

Cultivation / Plant breeding

Morus nigra L.

M. nigra is somewhat difficult to propagate, as it tends to bleed heavily when cut. The best methods of propagation are by cuttings or layering and both are easy and successful. Grafts are also usually successful, although there may be incompatibility between white and black mulberries. Hardwood, softwood and root cuttings are also suitable methods. The tree can also be raised from seeds, which should be sown as soon as extracted from the fruit.

The seeds germinate better if cold stratified 2-3 months, or is sown immediately after ripening fruit. The seeds should be stored in closed on places hermetic at (-20) ISC. By cutting with semilignified cuttings 7-10 cm heel, in July-August in seedbeds. Are planted out in spring.

 

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Articles about Morus nigra L.
Culinary / Use food. Use Medicinal / Herbal medicine / Use Ornamental