Hedera helix L.


» common ivy, english ivy

Morphology / Appearance

Hedera helix L.

Character recognition:

Plant: is an evergreen climbing plant, growing to 20–30 m height;
Root: rhizomatous;
Stem: stem and branches are fixed to the substrate with the aid of adventitious roots that appear on internodes, shoots and leaves young are covered with hairs;
Leaves: alternate, simple, dimorphic - the sterile branches are palmately 3-5 lobed, fertile ones are ovate or rhomboid; with a 15–20 mm petiole;
Flowers: hermaphrodite; are grouped into simple umbels;
Fruits: spherical and blackish berry reach maturity in the next year, during IV-V.

Confusion: [...]

Hedera helix
© 2012. Hedera helix L.

Copyright photo © C. Simion ::: 2012 - IASI ::: Hedera helix L.

Ecology / Plant spreading

Hedera helix L.

Bloom time: Sept , Oct , Nov
Flower color: greenish-yellow
Plant type: perennial
Light: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
Propagation Material: Seeds

It is a species of ivy native to most of Europe and western Asia. It is labeled as an invasive species in a number of areas where it has been introduced.

Mesotrophic species, mesophilic, common in the forests of oak to beech floor, through shady forests, on wet rocks and walls; increase focussing on the surface or climb on tree trunks or any other supports that comes due adventitious roots , is developed mainly on calcareous soils, from lowland to 1800 m altitude, fructifies after many years of germination.


Hedera helix L.

Cultivation / Plant breeding

Hedera helix L.

Ivy succeed in any type of soil, grows slightly, but it dislike flooded soils, very dry or very wet. Grows well in heavy clay soils, tolerates shade very dense, but does not blooms in such positions. It is a very tolerant plant to air pollution and stabilized plants are drought-tolerant. Withstand temperatures down to -25°C. It is a groundling, not harm trees, not parasitic, because getting nutrients through the soil and using light energy.

Spring sowing is carried out in cold shelter and four weeks cold stratification improves germination. Replicates in individual pots and grow in cold shelter the first winter. Planting is carried out in late spring or early summer. Can prepare semi-mature wood cuttings in July - August in a shaded position in seedbeds, or cuttings of mature wood, length 12 cm, in November, in the cold shelter.


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Articles about Hedera helix L.
Culinary / Use food. Use Medicinal / Herbal medicine / Use Ornamental