Echium vulgare L.


» viper's bugloss

Morphology / Appearance

Echium vulgare L.

Character recognition:

Plant: up to 100 cm height;
Root: black root system;
Stem: aerial; unbranched or branched from the base, covered with soft short hairs and long hairs are found among them, setiform;
Leaves: are linear - lanceolate, acute, those on based are petiole, arranged in rosette, the stems leaves are sessile, with one rib, hairy;
Flowers: hermaphrodite; zygomorphic symmetry, initially blue then red color, and can be white, pink, grouped in simple cyme and this is grouped to a cylindrical and paniculate inflorescence, calyx consists of 5 linear - lanceolate sepals; infundibular corolla, have not force, have 5 unequal lobes, slightly curved and bilabiat, pubescent;
Fruits: are ovoid and brown nutlets.

Confusion: [...]

Echium vulgare
© 2012. Echium vulgare L.

Copyright photo © C. Simion ::: 2012 - IASI ::: Echium vulgare L.

Ecology / Plant spreading

Echium vulgare L.

Bloom time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
Flower color: white, pink, red, blue
Plant type: perennial
Light: Sun
Propagation Material: Seeds

Echium vulgare is native to Europe, naturalized in United States.

Echium v. is more common in places abandoned on railway embankments, roadsides, fallow and meadows. Viper’s bugloss invades lowland grassland and grassy woodland and dry sclerophyll forest and woodland


Echium vulgare L.

Cultivation / Plant breeding

Echium vulgare L.

Sow March-May for flowers June-September, or sow August-September to flower May-July the following year. The seed should be sown directly outdoors where it is to flower in spring or autumn. They prefer well drained soil in full sun or part shade. The seed can also be sown indoors, but direct sowing is preferable, as they have a long taproot which can be damaged when transplanting. Make two or three successive sowings for continuous flowers.


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Articles about Echium vulgare L.
Culinary / Use food. Use Medicinal / Herbal medicine / Use Ornamental