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Daucus carota L.

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» wild corrot, queen anne's lace

Morphology / Appearance

Daucus carota L.

Character recognition:

Plant: up to 80 - 200 cm hieght;
Root: winter annual plant root systems, thin, white (subsp. carota) or biennial species with root systems, tuberization, orange (subsp. sativa);
Stem: branched, edge, dispersed or coarse hairy;
Leaves: alternate; with peri setiformi or hairless (without hairs), 2-4 pinnate-section, with obvious sheath, edge white-membranous;
Flowers: flowers clustered in umbel compound; umbels have unequal radial, hairy, with basal involucre, composed of numerous leaflets; umbels have involucel basal and are composed from flowers with white, yellow, pink or purple petals;
Fruits: bicaryopsis with 5 main ribs with 2 rows of short hairs and 4 secondary ribs with barbs longer than the thickness of the fruit, bend the top in the form of hook..

Confusion: [...]

Daucus carota
© 2012. Daucus carota L.

Copyright photo © C. Simion ::: 2012 - IASI ::: Daucus carota L.

Ecology / Plant spreading

Daucus carota L.

Bloom time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
Flower color: white, yellow, pink, purple
Plant type: annual, biennial
Light: Sun
Propagation Material: Seeds

It is native to temperate regions of Europe, southwest Asia and naturalised to North America and Australia; domesticated carrots are cultivars of a subspecies, Daucus carota subsp. sativus.

Subsp. carota: euriphyle plant, euritherme, the frequency of the steppe until oak floor, the hay, the sunny coast, in meadows, crops.
Subsp. sativa: cultivated;

Classification

Daucus carota L.

Cultivation / Plant breeding

Daucus carota L.

Carrots prefer lightweight or medium textured soils, deep clayey-sandy or sandy-loam, preferably alluvial, rich in nutrients, with neutral reaction, deeply worked, clean of weeds.

It is a bit pretentious to heat plant, minimum germination temperature was 4-5°C and 20°C the optimal, allowing the autumn sowing. Regarding moisture requirements are moderate. In the first year of culture is large pretensions during germination, when water consumption is equal to the mass of seeds and roots thickening stage when optimal soil humidity should be 70-80% of field capacity. Carrot is moderate to light requirements and therefore can be associated only with plants grown on small, because during the period thickening roots bear no shading. Is sown in August-September or April in situ. The seeds germinate better if they ensure a period of cold stratification.

 

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Articles about Daucus carota L.
Culinary / Use food. Use Medicinal / Herbal medicine / Use Ornamental