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Cichorium intybus L.

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» common chicory

Morphology / Appearance

Cichorium intybus L.

Character recognition:

Plant: perennial herbaceous plant, 30 - 150 cm height;
Root: root systems, which continue with a thick short rhizomes, lignified;
Stem: is fibrous, with longitudinal grooves, with latex;
Leaves: basal leaves petiolate, oblanceolate, runcinate, rough hairy on the underside, forming a rosette, upper leaves sessile, toothed edge;
Flowers: are hermaphrodite; flowerheads (capitula) with ligulate flowers;
Fruits: pubescent achenes, 2-3 mm long with short doll consists of many scales.

Confusion: [...]

Cichorium intybus
© 2012. Cichorium intybus L.

Copyright photo © C. Simion ::: 2012 - IASI ::: Cichorium intybus L.

Ecology / Plant spreading

Cichorium intybus L.

Bloom time: Jul , Aug , Sep
Flower color: blue, rarely white or pink
Plant type: perennial
Light: Sun
Propagation Material: Seeds

It is native to Europe as a wild plant on roadsides, and in North America and Australia, where it has become naturalized.

Widespread in pastures and meadows, roadsides, ditches, crops or uncultivated places in the plain to the mountains.

Classification

Cichorium intybus L.

Cultivation / Plant breeding

Cichorium intybus L.

Chicory is a plant of temperate climate with warm summers and moderately wet. Seed germination begins at 5°C, but is slow. During the vegetation to temperature requirements are different for the two varieties: garden chicory created is less resistant to cold than scarole, which can remain in the field and over the winter.

Against moisture factor, chicory garden has high demands during seed germination and early vegetation, and the best results are obtained on cool and wet weather. Excess soil moisture causes decreased production and putrefaction of root. Production is drecreased in drought conditions, the leaves become less tender and more small.

Regarding light, chicory (long day plant) is more demanding especially at the beginning of vegetation, the absence of light lead slows plant growth.

The plant needs fertile soil, rich in humus, well fertilized with manure from previous cropping, sunny and sheltered, middle or slightly textured, deep and neutral reaction. Not support too alkaline and acidic soils. Culture is usually done by seed, but also through direct seeding field.

 

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