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Chelidonium majus L.

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» greater celandine

Morphology / Appearance

Chelidonium majus L.

Character recognition:

Plant: perennial herbaceous plant, 50 - 100 cm height;
Root: dark brown rhizome;
Stem: contains, like other parts of the plant, yellow - orange latex;
Leaves: alternate, compound odd-pinnate have unequal segments lobate claims, the lower petiolate, the upper sessile, all inside greyish-green;
Flowers: actinomorphic; yellow petals, grouped in umbelliform cymes of about 4 flowers;
Fruits: siliques with ovoid, black and shining seed.

Confusion: [...]

Chelidonium majus
© 2012. Chelidonium majus L.

Copyright photo © C. Simion ::: 2012 - IASI ::: Chelidonium majus L.

Ecology / Plant spreading

Chelidonium majus L.

Bloom time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
Flower color: yellow
Plant type: perennial
Light: Part Shade, Shade
Propagation Material: Seeds

It is native to Europe and western Asia and introduced widely in North America.

Eurythermal species, nitrophile, mesophilic, helio-sciadophile, frequently encountered in the steppe until beech in shady sublevel, the bushes, ruderal areas around human settlements, ruins, walls, fences.

Classification

Chelidonium majus L.

Cultivation / Plant breeding

Chelidonium majus L.

It is a short-lived perennial species with a wide ecological plasticity. It can be propagated by seeds and can easily become a weed, so that once stabilized plant is very difficult to eradicate. The germination takes place at 4-6°C and vegetative growth is achieved at moderate temperatures in wet conditions sufficient diffused light and lighter soils. Is sown in situ from February to May or August to November. Germination takes 1-12 months. You can apply and division in March, but the plant "bleed" this technique is not recommended that.

 

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