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What are Enzymes

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Introduction

Enzymes

Both biosynthesis and degradation of substances in the body would be impossible without enzymatic activity.
The absence of enzymes is responsible for many diseases.

What are Enzymes
© 2013. What are Enzymes
Definition

Enzymes

From the structural point of view, enzymes are macromolecules of protein.

About

Enzymes

All grains able to germination, contain enzymes, but are found in plantlets, the young leaves, fruits and various vegetables.

Whereas in the past three decades have revealed a large number of enzymes, it was necessary to classify them based on specific action on the substrate on which they act.

Thus, they were called oxidoreductase, transferase, hydrolase, isomerase etc. Then, because some enzymes act on multiple substances was adopted decimal system classification code for each large class of enzymes.

For most of the enzyme activity optimum temperature is between 20 - 40°C, and most enzymes are inactivated between 60 - 80°C. In the dehydrated state, enzymes resistant to temperatures close to 100°C.

 

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