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Bilberry - Medicinal Action and Uses

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» bilberry

Introduction

Vaccinium myrtillus L.

Repent shrub indigenous, amfitolerant, microterm, very acidophilous. Encountered in sunny mountain soils, cuts forest, subalpine and mountain meadows. Claim brown soils, strong acid is widespread in the mountains of Europe, Asia and North America.

View Plant Profile of: Vaccinium myrtillus L.

Bilberry - Medicinal Action and Uses
© 2013. Bilberry - Medicinal Action and Uses
Chemical composition

Vaccinium myrtillus L.

• Fruits contain: water (16%), sugars (7-13%), saccharose (1-2%), ash (0.45-0.50%), protein (0.8-1.2%) acids organic (about 1%) of uric acid (about 0.9%), benzoic acids, tartaric, malic (0.05-0.15%), pectic substances (0.350 to 0.490%), tannins (0.300 to 0.430%), vitamin C (12-20 mg%), vitamin A (280 IU), vitamin PP (0.2 mg%), vitamins B and B (0.02 mg%), vitamin E, minerals potassium (50 mg%), calcium (10 mg%), phosphorus (8 mg%), sulfur (8 mg%), magnesium (6 mg%), chlorine (5 mg%), manganese (3 mg% ), iron (1 mg%).

• Leaves and shoots contain: thiamine, riboflavin, vaccinina, arbutin, ericolina, quinine acids, myristic, palmitic, alcohols cerinic, miricilic.

Therapeutic action

Vaccinium myrtillus L.

The leaves and fruit have therapeutic importance in human and veterinary medicine.

Active ingredients from the leaves have a role astringent, bacteriostatic, hypoglycemic.
Recommended in treating diarrhea, diabetes, urinary tract infections, blood urea, gout, rheumatism.
Active ingredients from the fruit have a role diuretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-diarrheal, anthelmintic, antiseptic intestinal, urinary antiseptic, adjuvant in the basic treatment of diabetes; easy coronaro-dilators, ensures cardiovascular regulation, protects the walls of blood vessels, protects the body from radiation, activates regeneration retinal purpures and sensitizes photoreceptors.

Recommended internally in: diarrhea, enterocolitis fermentation, putrefaction enterocolitis, oxiurează, diabetes, urinary infections, cerebral atherosclerosis and encephalic circulation disorders, hypertension, sequelae after infarction, vascular disorder, diabetic vascular disease.
Recommended externally in: pharyngitis, stomatitis, thrush, fungal infection, eczema, wounds bleeding.

Harvest

Vaccinium myrtillus L.

Leaves (Myrtilli folium) are collected manually during late July and early September. Dry in the shade, thinly layer. Artificial drying at 35-40°C.
Fruits (Myrtilli fructus) is harvested in July-August.

 

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