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Importance of Soybean

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» importance, glycine max

Introduction

Glycine max L.

Soybean is used in human nutrition, in feeding of animals and as raw material for various industries.

Soy has received various names over time, related to its many uses and is considered as "golden plant" of humanity, "miracle plant" or "future plant."

View Plant Profile of: Glycine max L.

Importance

Glycine max L.

In human nutrition is used seeds and immature pods for the preparation of various dishes. Also, mature seeds can be used in various recipes. Young seedlings with cotyledons and the first little leaves are used for salad preparation.

Flour made ​​from soy beans can be used in a proportion of 5 to 15% in mixture with wheat flour for bread obtaining with a higher protein content. Also, soy flour produce a wide range of foods, such as vegetable milk, vegetable cheese, coffee substitute, chocolates, biscuits, etc.

Proteinaceous fibers from soy srot are used to achieve the "vegetable meat", that are made salami, sausages, schnitzel, meatballs etc.

In feeding of animals is used soya srot remaining after oil extraction as a basic proteinous source to obtain feed concentrates for most categories of animals. Soybean srot are a very important item of international trade, often with a higher value than the oil that is obtained from the seeds.

Whole plant can be used in feeding of animals as green forage, hay or silage having a high content of protein and fat.

Soybeans are used as raw material for the production of oil, which is used directly for human consumption as cooking oil and also as raw material for the production of margarine, lecithin, soaps, color painting, plastics, etc. The world production of vegetable oil, soy is ranked 2 after the palm oil.

From the agronomic point of view, soy is particularly important in that it leaves a large amount of nitrogen in the soil (about 80 -120 kg / ha) due to symbiosis with nitrogen-fixing bacteria. Early varieties of soybean plants are good preceding winter cereals.

 

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